Russia Nationality They live scattered in the present Ili, Tacheng, Altay and Urumchi, with a population of 11,600. They first migrated from Tsarist Russia in the 1920′s; and before and after Russian Revolution, quite a few migrated and settled in Xinjiang. They were once called “domesticated group”, and their community villages called “domestication village”. After the founding of New China, they were renamed as Russia Nationality. Those living in cities and towns are mostly working in various industries and commerce, transport and service sectors, and those in rural areas mostly working in agriculture, horticulture and breeding. They use Russian language and
writing, which belongs to Slavic Branch of Indo-European languages, most of them believe in the Eastern Orthodoxy, with a small number of them believing in Protestantism(or Christianism) and Catholicism.
Daur Nationality They are distributed in Tacheng Prefecture in north Xinjiang today, with a population of 6,884. After the founding of New China, Asir Daur ethnic township was established in Tacheng. “Daur” is what the people of this ethnic group call themselves, in the historical records of Han language, there are different transliteration terms such as “Dahur”, “Dahuur”,
“Dahuli”,“Daahur”, and the paraphrase in Han language is “pioneer”. They are mostly offspring of the “Soren Camp” garrison army transferred from Soren area in the northeast by the Qing Dynasty in the 1760s, hence they were once called “Soren people”, after the founding of New China, their original name was restored. They are mainly engaged in agricultural production, and some also in animal husbandry. Their language belongs to Mongolian Branch of Altaic Family, they have no writing of their own, and once used Manchu writing, today the Han writing is commonly used. They mainly believe in Shamanism, and a small number of them believe in Northern Buddhism
Tartar Nationality They are distributed in the present Urumchi, Changji, Qitai and Altay, with a population of 4,950. On July 25, 1989, the only Tartar ethnic township in China was established in Daquangou of Qitai County. They originally belonged to Mongolian tribe, and “Dada” and “Tatar” Lhasa reisen were different transliteration terms in history. They were developed starting from the 15th century by the mutual blending of Mongolian on west expedition and the Kipchaks on the Eurasian Plain and the Bulgars in the Volga River basin. The Tartar people in Xinjiang mostly migrated in the 19th century from Kazan of Russia and Semirechye and Zaysan of Central Asia, or came for business purposes. Most of them are engaged in commerce, and a small number of them working in agriculture, animal husbandry and handicrafts. Their language belongs to Turkic Branch of Altaic Family, and the writing was originally the alphabetic writing based on Cyril letters. They generally believe in Islam.