To gradually overcome the unbalanced development among different ethnic groups is a long-term task for China to address its ethnic issues. The massive ongoing campaign of developing China’s west is exactly aimed at resolving the issue of development in the west, a place where minority population is concentrated.
Second, stronger ethnic identity awareness and economic and cultural integration have affected ethnic relations. With the development of market economy and growth of social openness, inter-ethnic interactions are also expanding and deepening. Consequently, members of various ethnic groups identify to a greater extent with people within their own group and develop stronger concerns about their group’s rights and interests, hence greater awareness of ethnic identity. While promoting ethnic pride and strength and safeguarding ethnic interests, stronger ethnic identity also leads some people to overemphasize their own characteristics and interests, and dilate phobia against other ethnic groups. On the other hand, economic and cultural integration contradicts with the stronger awareness of ethnic identity. With the economic integration in the whole society, a unified and profitdriven competitive environment gradually comes into being. As a result, certain traditional industries of some ethnic groups are on the verge of disappearance and some preferential policies of the state favoring minorities are no longer applicable. Besides, different cultures are converging to some extent, leading to the gradual wane and even demise of certain elements of the traditional culture of some minority groups. Some people find this integration process hard to understand and accept, and even see it as the assimilation by Han people (or “Han-ization”). Such thinking exerts certain negative impact on ethnic relations.
In Xinjiang, contradictions and disputes in ethnic relations are generally held as those among the people and dealt with mainly through education and persuasion, that is, to minimize their impact through patient and meticulous education and repeated consultations. At the same time, these contradictions and disputes are handled in strict accordance with the law, and solution is sought through legal procedures Viajes beijing, templos 2016g. While dealing with incidents concerning ethnic relations, it is essential to make the following distinctions:
First, to strictly distinguish ethnic splittist activities from incidents affecting ethnic relations. Although splittists sometimes act in the name of ethnicity or religion, they by no means represent a certain ethnic group or a faith.