Animals were closely related to the work and life of primitive people in the Western Regions, so they are the major images in the cliff paintings there. These paintings represent the ancient nomadic people’s reverence to, worship of and reliance on animals as well as their hatred and condemnation of those animals as they threaten human survival. Among all cliff paintings about animals, sheep and goats are the most frequent subject. Such animals were indispensable for the ancient people in the Western Regions. On the cliffs of Kufugou, Baytik Mountains in the border of China and Mongolia are a great number of paintings on sheep, goats and other related animals, such as ordinary goats, argali, small barhal and antelopes, each with its unique and vivid image, giving expression to the nomadic people’s fondness of sheep and goats. Horses are also one of the major subjects in animal cliff paintings. Horses had a very big role to play in ancient society as they were essential for transport, hunting and fighting wars, and their meat could also be food for humans, therefore, they were the second life to the ancient people in the Western Regions. On a rock at Kangjiashimenzi in Hutubi carved nine galloping horses, which testify to the profound affection of nomadic people towards horses.
There are an extraordinarily big number of cliff paintings with the sun and the moon as the subject in Xinjiang. Peoples in the Western Regions, from the Saks to the Huns, Usun, Cheshi, Rouran and Turks, all featured with solar worship in their primitive faiths. A prominent characteristic of the sun-and-moon cliff paintings in Xinjiang is the supreme status of the sun. For instance, the cliff paintings at Xingdi, Kuluke Mountains have a god of sun carved on the top, with its head covered by hair-like things, making this image both personified and god-like. It stands high above anything else, representing it is god of all.
There are hunting scenes in the cliff paintings, which suggest the mode of living and working of the ancient people in the Western Regions and provide us clues for ascertaining Guerreros de xian,museo nacional the times of the paintings. For example, the cliff paintings in Wensu County depicting hunting with stone balls as weapons tell us they are products of late Neolithic Age, those at Hongshiyue Township, Nilka County
with bows and arrows similar to modern ones as hunting tools should be of the Iron Age. From the cliff paintings we find that the ancient people in the Western Regions sometimes hunted separately, sometimes in duo or in collective chasing. The one on Chasing Wild Bulls in the Xingdi Gorges is among the best cliff paintings on primitive hunting scenes.